Ridding Your Home of Insects

Using Termite Baiting Systems

by Ted Miller

Termite baiting systems are an effective method for controlling termite infestations. They work by exploiting the foraging behavior of termites and their ability to share food within the colony. Here's a detailed explanation of how termite baiting systems work:

  1. Inspection and installation: The process begins with a thorough inspection of the property to identify termite activity, infestation extent, and potential entry points. Pest control professionals strategically place bait stations around the structure at locations where termites are likely to forage or where termite activity has been observed. These locations may include soil adjacent to the foundation, near wooden structures, or along termite mud tubes.
  2. Bait station design: A typical termite bait station consists of a plastic housing or tube with multiple compartments. The stations are usually placed in the ground, partially buried to ensure stability and accessibility. The stations are designed to be tamper-resistant, preventing non-target organisms from accessing the bait.
  3. Attracting termites: Inside each bait station, a cellulose-based bait material is placed. This bait material serves as an attractant for termites, mimicking their preferred food source. The bait material is typically a slow-acting toxic substance that allows termites to feed on it and carry it back to the colony.
  4. Termites discover the bait: Worker termites, responsible for foraging and feeding the colony, come across the bait stations during their search for food sources. Once they find the bait, they consume it and return to the colony.
  5. Sharing the bait: Termites are social insects that engage in trophallaxis, a process of mutual feeding and food exchange within the colony. The worker termites that have consumed the bait regurgitate it and share it with other colony members, including the soldiers, nymphs, and the queen.
  6. Colony elimination: The slow-acting toxic substance present in the bait starts to take effect as more termites consume it. It disrupts their ability to molt, feed, or reproduce, leading to the gradual elimination of the colony. Since termites regularly share food within the colony, the toxic substance spreads, affecting a larger number of termites over time.
  7. Monitoring and maintenance: After the bait stations are installed, regular monitoring is essential. Pest control professionals periodically inspect the stations to assess termite activity, replenish the bait as needed, and ensure the effectiveness of the system. This ongoing monitoring allows for timely intervention if there are signs of renewed termite activity.

Termite baiting systems provide several advantages, including a targeted approach to termite control, reduced reliance on conventional termiticides, and the potential for long-term colony elimination. However, it's important to note that termite baiting systems require professional expertise for proper installation and maintenance. 

For more information on termite control, contact a professional near you.